Pre-K: Kindergarten: First Grade: Second Grade: Third Grade:
Fourth Grade: Fifth Grade: Sixth Grade: Seventh Grade: Eighth Grade:


First Grade



Dan's Pants: The Adventure of Dan, the Fabric Man

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Merle Good with Dan and Fran Boltz(2000). Good Books.
Illustrated by Cheryl Benner.

Dan's got more than 30 pairs of funny pants in his closet. Every day is dress-up day for Dan! Everyone loves when he shows up in town. When Dan goes out, bees follow him, dogs go wild, traffic backs up, and his customers like to (discreetly) feel the fabric. Dan is a tall guy. And he covers those mile-high legs with the wildest pants you've ever seen. Every week, Dan sells bolts of fabric to the fabric stores, dragging suitcases full of samples from one buyer to the next. Every season, Dan's wife Fran makes him a pair of pants from his favorite of the new bright, bold fabric he sells.

Grade: 1
Theme: Families Now and Long Ago, Near and Far
Topic: Production and Consumption
Content Statement: 12. People produce and consume goods and services in the community.

Content Activity Needed

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Second Grade:



Give a Goat
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Jan West Schrock (2008). Tilbury House.
Illustrated by Aileen Darragh.

A fifth grade class is motivated to “pass the gift” after reading the true story of a Ugandan girl, Beatrice. She was able to go to school after her family earned money from selling the milk of a goat given to them by Heifer International. The class earns enough money through school projects to not only buy a goat, but also chickens and ducks. Other classes in the school catch the spirit of service and create projects to help other causes.

Grade: 2
Theme: People Working Together
Topic: Scarcity
Content: 14. Resources can be used in various ways.

Give a Goat Reinforcing Activity




A New Coat for Anna
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By Harriet Ziefert (1986)
Illustrated by Anita Lobel.

The story takes place at the end of World War II. Anna is a young girl, who is in need of a new winter coat, since she grew out of old one. Due to the war and a scarcity of resources her mother does not have enough money to buy her a new coat. She decides to barter some of their valuable items in exchange for the materials and skills to make Anna a new coat. Her mother barters with a farmer, spinner, weaver, and tailor all to make a new coat for Anna.

Grade: 2
Theme: People Working Together
Topic: Production and Consumption
Content Statement: 15. Most people around the world work in jobs in which they produce specific goods and services.

Content Activity Needed




Mama is a Miner
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George Ella Lyon (1994). Orchard Books
Illustrated by Peter Catalanotto

This story is about a little girl's feelings about having a Mama who works in the coal mines of Kentucky. The descriptive text and beautiful illustrations take the reader down the crowded mantrip car into the heart of Black Mountain for a peek at the life of a miner. Included are also informative sections about the mining industry.

Grade: 2
Theme: People Working Together
Topic: Production and Consumption
Content Statement: 15. Most people around the world work in jobs in which they produce specific goods and services.

Mama is a Miner Reinforcing Activity




The Goat in the Rug

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As told by Charles L. Blood and Martin Link, By Geraldine (1976). Aladdin Paperbacks.
Illustrated by Nancy Winslow Parker.

Geraldine is a goat, and Glenmae, a Navajo weaver. One day, Glenmae decides to weave a rug. First Geraldine is clipped, then her wool is spun into fine strong yarn. Finally, Glenmae weaves the wool on her loom. The reader learns, along with Geraldine, about the care and pride involved in the weaving of a Navajo rug and about cooperation between friends.

Grade: 2
Theme: People Working Together
Topic: Production and Consumption
Content Statement: 15. Most people around the world work in jobs in which they produce specific goods and services.

Content Activity Needed



Reuben and the Quilt
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Merle Good (1999). Good Books Publishers. .
Illustrated by P. Buckley Moss.

This is the story of an Amish family who works to help a friend in need. One of Reuben’s neighbors becomes ill and needs money for an operation that he cannot afford. Reuben and his family decide to make a quilt to sell at an auction to help pay for the operation. The day before the auction, the quilt disappears from the front porch. However, the family does not give up hope and the father thinks of an idea that results in the quilt being returned safely. The auction raises enough money to pay for the operation and the quilt is given to the neighbor to stay warm as he rested. This story tells of the power of love, charity, and the hope to never give up.

Grade: 2
Theme: People Working Together
Topic: Markets
Content Statement: 16. People use money to buy and sell goods and services.

Content Activity Needed



Market!
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Ted Lewin (1996). Lothrop, Lee & Shepard Books

From the chill highlands of the Andes to the steamy jungles of central Africa, from the fabled souks of Morocco to the though New York waterfront, people come to market. They come on barefoot and bent with backbreaking loads, walking for days over lonely mountain passes. They come on jungle trails and roads jammed with traffic. They come by dugout canoe from upriver or by trawler after weeks away at sea. They come any way they can. They come to sell what they grow, catch, or make, and to buy what other people grow, catch, or make.

Grade: 2
Theme: People Working Together
Topic: Markets
Content Statement: 16. People use money to buy and sell goods and services.

Content Activity Needed



A Chair for My Mother
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Vera B. Williams (1982). Scholastic, Inc.

After all their furniture is lost in a house fire, family members save coins to buy a comfortable chair. The mother, a waitress in the Blue Tile Diner, empties all the change from tips out of her purse nightly. She, her mother, and daughter count the money and put it in a large jar. When the jar is completely full, they go out to buy the most beautiful, fattest, softest armchair they can find.

Grade: 2
Theme: People Working Together
Topic: Markets
Content Statement: 16. People use money to buy and sell goods and services.

A Chair For My Mother Reinforcing Activity




Arthur’s Funny Money
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Lillian Hoban (1981). Harper Collins Publishers.

Arthur has a problem – he needs to buy a T-shirt and matching cap for his Frisbee team, but he does not have enough money. His little sister wants help with her numbers problem. Together they decide to go into business, washing bikes. Many dilemmas are encountered along the way and both learn important business principles in the process.

Grade: 2
Theme: People Working Together
Topic: Financial Literacy
Content Statement: 17. People earn income by working.

Content Activity Needed

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Third Grade:



To The Big Top
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Jill Esbaum (2008). Farrar, Straus and Giroux (BYR).
Illustrated by David Gordon.

When the circus comes to Willow Grove, two young boys named Benny and Sam are thrilled. They immediately go into town to watch the show as it is set up. When a worker notices them, he gives them work to do, and the two boys assist in menial labor tasks such as lugging water. This work earns them each a nickel and a ticket to see the show. When a circus monkey steals Sam's ticket, Benny must barter with his caramel apple in order to get the ticket back. At the end of the day, the boys are able to enjoy the performance which they have earned through labor and trade. This book is useful to illustrate the economic concepts of scarcity, choice, and trade.

Grade: 3
Strand: Economics
Topic: Economic Decision Making and Skills
Content Statement: 15. Both positive and negative incentives affect people's choices and behaviors

Content Activity Needed




Boom Town
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Sonia Levitin, 1998, Orchard Books
Illustrated by: Cat Bowman Smith

After her family moves to California, where her father goes to work in the gold fields, Amanda decides to make her own fortune by baking pies. As the demand for more goods and services increases in the town, Amanda encourages others to start businesses of their own.

Grade: 3
Theme: Communities: Past and Present, Near and Far
Topic: Economic Decision Making and Skills
Content Statement: 15. Both positive and negative incentives affect people’s choices and behaviors.

Boom Town Reinforcing Activity



My Rows and Piles of Coins
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Tololwa M. Mollel (1999). Clarion Book Publishers.
Illustrated by E. B. Lewis

This is the story of a young boy named Saruni who wants a bike more than anything. Saruni believes having a bike would allow him to help his mother carry heavy goods to the market. Saruni receives small amounts of money from his mother and father for helping on market day and saves them in his secret money box. His goal is to save enough money to buy the bike, but he soon finds out he does not have enough for the cost of the bike. In the end, his parents give him a bike as a reward for his help and efforts. This story shows the importance of saving and helping others.

Grade: 3
Theme: Communities: Past and Present, Near and Far
Topic: Financial Literacy
Content Statement: 20. A budget is a plan to help people make personal economic decisions for the present and future and to become more financially responsible.

Content Activity Needed




Fourth Grade:



How to Turn Lemons Into Money
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Louise Armstrong (1976). Harcourt Children's Books

Using a lemonade stand as an example, this children's' book introduces some basic terminology of economics. These include, but are not limited to: raw materials, price, consumer, product, market value, firm, retail, wholesale, profit, investment, capital, loan, management, wage, strike, boycott, negotiation, arbitration and compromise. The simple concept of a lemonade stand and comedic illustrations makes this book accessible to kids of any age.

Grade: 4
Theme: Ohio in the United States
Topic: Production and Consumption
Content Statement: 23. Entrepreneurs in Ohio and the United States organize productive resources and take risks to make a profit and compete with other producers.

How to Turn Lemons Into Money Reinforcing Activity


Once Upon a Company…A True Story
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Wendy Anderson Halperin (1998). Orchard Books.

This book tells how a seven-year-old boy and his sisters started a wreath-making business which, over the course of six years, grew to include other businesses, marketing, wholesaling, and investing, and netted more than $16,000.

Grade: 4
Theme: Ohio in the United States
Topic: Production and Consumption
Content Statement: 23. Entrepreneurs organize productive resources and take risks to make a profit and compete with other producers.

Once Upon a Company...A True Story Reinforcing Activity


Potato: A Tale from the Great Depression
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Kate Lied (1997). National Geographic Society.
Illustrated by Lisa Campbell Ernst

Clarence lost his job and the bank foreclosed on his house. Since there were no jobs available, Clarence, his wife Agnes, and daughter Dorothy set off for Idaho. They borrowed a car and money for gas and left to find a job in Idaho picking potatoes, where Clarence and his family were allowed to have the leftover potatoes from the fields. They traded potatoes for other things, such as groceries. Eventually, they earned enough money to go home.

Grade: 4
Theme: Economics
Topic: Production and Consumption
Content Statement:23. Entrepreneurs organize productive resources and take risks to make a profit and compete with other producers.

Potato A Tale from the Great Depression Reinforcing Activity



Bunny Money
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Rosemary Wells (1997). Penguin

It's Grandma's birthday, and Ruby knows exactly what Grandma would love; a beautiful ballerina box. Max also knows what she'd love; a scary pair of ooey-gooey vampire teeth. Ruby has saved up a wallet-full of bills, but as unexpected mishap after mishap occurs, money starts running through the bunnies' fingers.... Will they have enough left for the perfect present? Wells' adorable story is also a fun and lively introduction to early math.

Grade: 4
Theme: Ohio in the United States
Topic: Financial Literacy
Content Statement:
24. Saving a portion of income contributes to an individual’s financial well-being. Individuals can reduce spending to save more of their income.

Bunny Money Reinforcing Activity

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Fifth Grade:



Chicken Sunday
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Patricia Polacco, 1992, Philomel Books.

Three children want to show Miss Eula how much they appreciate the delicious fried chicken she makes for them every Sunday, so they decide to buy her an Easter hat. They have been saving their money for weeks now but will not have enough money to buy the hat before Easter. They decide to go to Mr. Kodinski’s store and ask him if they could sweep up his shop to earn the rest of the money. As they pass through the back alley of the store some older kids come running through and throw eggs at Mr. Kodinski’s store then run off. Mr. Kodinski opens the door and sees the three children standing there, He believes they are responsible for throwing the eggs. They decide to make some Pysanky eggs. Mr. Kodinski loves them and tells the children that they can sell the eggs in his hat store to make money. They sell all the eggs in one day. The children now have enough money to buy Miss Eula the beautiful Easter hat.

Grade: 5
Theme: People working together
Topic: Scarcity
Content Statement: 14. Resources can be used in various way.

Content Activity Needed




A Band of Angels
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Barbara Hopkinson (2002). Aladdin

The narrative is written from the point of view of the great-great-granddaughter of Ella Sheppard, one of the original Jubilee Singers from the Fisk School in Nashville, Tennessee, the first school for freed slaves. As Aunt Beth tells about the struggles of Ella and the rest of the chorus to raise money to save their school, the girl imagines what her great-great-grandmother might have thought or felt. The singers traveled throughout the North after the Civil War performing popular music. However, it was only when they began to perform the "jubilee" or spiritual songs such as "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot" that they gained popularity. Later, they sang for Queen Victoria and President Grant and the funds they raised helped to build Jubilee Hall and establish Fisk University.

Grade: 5
Theme: Regions and People of the Western Hemisphere
Topic: Economic Decision Making and Skills
Content Statement: 14. The choices people make have both present and future consequences.

A Band of Angels Reinforcing Activity



Uncle Jed’s Barbershop
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Margaree King Mitchell (1993). Scholastic Inc.
Illustrated by James Ransome.

Sarah Jean’s Uncle Jed is the only African-American barber in the county. He dreams of opening his own barbershop some day. When Sarah Jean is in need of an operation, Uncle Jed loans her parents money from his “barbershop” savings. Then, when the bank fails during the Great Depression all of Uncle Jed’s savings are gone for a second time. Finally, on his 79th birthday, Uncle Jed opens his own barbershop.

Grade: 5
Theme: Regions and People of the Western Hemisphere
Topic: Economic Decision Making and Skills
Content Statement: 14. The choices people make have both present and future consequences.

Content Activity Needed



Apple Farmer Annie
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Monica Wellington (2004). Puffin Books.

Annie is a young girl who is in charge of caring for an orchard. Every fall Annie picks the apples and turns them into applesauce, apple cider, apple cake, and apple muffins. She saves the best apples so that she can sell them at the market.

Grade: 5
Theme: Regions and People of the Western Hemisphere
Topic: Scarcity
Content Statement: 15. The availability of productive resources (i.e., human resources, capital goods and natural resources) promotes specialization that leads to trade.

Apple Farmer Annie Reinforcing Activity



Pancakes, Pancakes
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Eric Carle (1990). Aladdin Paperbacks.

When Jack wakes up and wants pancakes for breakfast. Jack’s mother agrees, but requires Jack’s help to gather all the necessary ingredients. He is sent in pursuit of the wheat that must be cut and threshed and taken to the miller, the eggs from the hen, and the milk from the cow to be made into butter, and the jam that goes on top. Illustrated in Eric Carle’s well-known style.

Grade: 5
Theme: Regions and People of the Western Hemisphere
Topic: Scarcity
Content Statement: 15. The availability of productive resources (i.e., human resources, capital goods and natural resources) promotes specialization that leads to trade.

Pancakes, Pancakes! Reinforcing Activity



Saturday Sancocho
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Leyla Torres (1995). Farrar Straus Giroux
Maria Lili makes a special stew every Saturday with her grandparents. One Saturday, however, she is dismayed to find that she may not get to enjoy any stew because there is not money to buy ingredients. But, Maria's grandmother has a plan. She takes a dozen eggs, the only ingredients she has, to the market and begins to barter. She trades the eggs for plantains to start with, and she continues trading until she has all of the ingredients for the stew. This book would be useful for teaching the concept of scarcity and the ways resources can be used.

Grade: 5
Strand: Economics
Topic: Scarcity
Content Statement: 15. The availability of productive resources (i.e. human resources, capital goods, and natural resources) promotes specialization that leads to trade.

Saturday Sancocho Reinforcing Activity



The Third Gift
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Linda Sue Park (2011). Clarion Books.
Illustrated by Bagram Ibatoulline.

A boy watches and learns his father’s trade, gathering resin from trees. Using biblical references of the three wise men, we learn about the flexibility and importance of the father’s trade and the part it plays into the three gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh.

Grade: 5
Strand: Economics
Topic: Markets
Content Statement: Regions and countries become interdependent when they specialize in what they produce best and then trade with other regions to increase the amount and variety of goods and services available.

The Third Gift Reinforcing Activity


The Milk Makers
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Gail Gibbons, Alladin Books (1987)

You probably drink milk at almost every meal. But have you ever wondered where it comes from?

Cows eat special feed to make good milk. But after the cow is milked, there are still many steps the milk must go through before it reaches you. This book describes them all. And you'll be surprised to find how many other things you eat and drink come from milk, too.

Grade: 5
Theme: Regions and People of the Western Hemisphere
Topic: Production and Consumption
Content Statement: 16. The availability of productive resources and the division of labor impact productive capacity.

The Milk Makers' Reinforcing Activity



Bananas From Manolo to Margie
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George Ancona (1990). Houghton Mifflin School

Describes how bananas are grown, harvested, and transported from a plantation in Honduras to the United States. "Both color and black-and-white pictures encourage perusal; the text is written in a friendly, nonpatronizing tone. A glossary and the nutritional composition of bananas are appended."

Grade: 5
Theme: Regions and People of the Western Hemisphere
Topic: Markets
Content Statement: 17. Regions and countries become interdependent when they specialize in what they produce best and then trade with other regions to increase the amount and variety of goods and services available.

Bananas from Manolo to Margie Reinforcing Activity



Benny’s Pennies
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By: Pat Brisson (1995) Dragonfly Books.
Illustrated By: Bob Barner

Benny McBride starts his day with five new pennies and is determined to spend them all. His mother wants him to buy something beautiful. His brother wants something good to eat. His sister wants something nice to wear. Benny knows his dog and cat would like something too. With the help of generous and thoughtful neighbors, Benny fulfills each request with a penny and arrives home loaded with five wonderful but simple gifts.

Grade: 5
Theme: Regions and People of the Western Hemisphere
Topic: Markets
Content Statement: 17. Regions and countries become interdependent when they specialize in what they produce best and then trade with other regions to increase the amount and variety of goods and services available.

Benny's Pennies Reinforcing Activity



Music, Music For Everyone
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Vera B. Williams. (1984) GreenWillow Books, New York
Illustrator: Vera B. Williams

Rosa has taken on many responsibilities that young girls such as herself normally don't do. She cares for her grandma everyday by bringing her soup, telling her stories, and playing her instrument. One day Rosa and her friend decide that Rosa's family money jar looks too empty. Rosa and her 3 friends decide to raise money, but they don't know how. Rosa wants to fill up the jar to help pay for her grandmothers illness. The four friends decide to earn money by playing their instruments around town. They practice and finally get their first job. Rosa takes her part of the money the girls earned and puts it in the family money jar, which doesn't look so empty now.

Grade: 5
Theme: Regions and People of the Western Hemisphere
Topic: Financial Literacy
Content Statement 18. Workers can improve thier ability to earn income by gaining new knowledge, skills and experiences.

Content Activity Needed

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Sixth Grade:



The Great Kapok Tree: A Tale of the Amazon Rain Forest
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Lynne Cherry (1990). Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Various rain forrest creatures including an anteater, boa constrictor, bees, monkeys, tree frogs and many others come together to try and convince the mysterious "ax man" not to chop the Great Kapok tree down. Each animal provides a different reason to why the Great Kapok tree is necessary to their survival, and how their lives would be different if the "ax man" chopped it down. Together, the animals show the "ax man" how many animals he effects by chopping down just one tree in the rain forrest.

Grade: 6
Theme: Regions and People of the Eastern Hemisphere
Topic: Economic Decision Making and Skills
Content Statement: 12. The choices people make have both present and future consequences. The evaluation of choices is relatie and may differ across individuals and societies.

The Great Kapok Tree Reinforcing Activity



Behind the Mountains
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Edwidge Danticat (2004). Scholastic, Inc.

Celiane is a young girl who lives in Haiti. During election time, her family travels from their rural home to the capital city of Port-au-Prince, where bombs are exploding. Celiane and her mother are nearly killed. Celiane experiences a new desire to be reunited with her father in Brooklyn, New York. After moving there, she sees the difficulties that her family is still facing, such as finding jobs and dealing with a new school.

Grade: 6
Theme: Economics
Topic: Economic Decision Making and Skills
Content Statement: 12. The choices people make have both present and future consequences. The evaluation of choices is relative and may differ across individuals and societies.

Behind the Mountains Reinforcing Activity

Prices Go Up, Prices Go Down: The Laws of Supply and Demand
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David A. Adler (1984) Franklin Watts Illustrations Tom Huffman

This book explains in simple easily understandable terms the concept of supply and demand with examples of how prices are derived and the conditions that contribute to setting them up, all through colorful child friendly illustrations.

Grade: 6
Theme: Regions and People of the Eastern Hemisphere
Topic: Markets
Content Statement: 15. The interaction of supply and demand, influenced by competition, helps to determine price in a market. This interaction also determines the quantities of outputs produced and the quantities of inputs (human resources, natural resources and capital) used.

Content Activity Needed



Seventh Grade:



Lemonade For Sale
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By Stuart J. Murphy (1998). Harper Trophy.

In order to fix their clubhouse a group of young children decides to set up a lemonade stand to raise money. They use bar graphs to help them keep track of how much they are selling. After a sudden drop in sales, the children learn that they have some heavy competition. They decide to invite the competition to set up his lemonade stand beside theirs and are surprised to discover that sales drastically increase.

Grade: 7
Theme: Economics
Topic: Economic Decision Making and Skills
Content Statement: 19. Individuals, governments and businesses must analyze costs and benefits when making economic decisions. A cost-benefit analysis consists of determining the potential costs and benefits of an action and then balancing the costs against the benefits.

Lemonade For Sale Reinforcing Activity



Lawn Boy
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Gary Paulsen (2007). Wendy Lamb Books.

A twelve-year-old boy has no idea what's in store for him when his grandmother gives him a lawn mower for his birthday. Needing some quick cash, he agrees to mow a neighbor’s lawn with his new acquisition. Things immediately get out of control as one lawn turns into more lawns than he can cut on his own, prompting him to hire employees and even a stock broker. Readers will be introduced to various economic concepts as they make their way through this amusing adventure.

Grade: 7
Theme: Economics
Topic: Economic Decision Making and Skills
Content Statement: 19. Individuals, governments and businesses must analyze costs and benefits when making economic decisions. A cost-benefit analysis consists of determining the potential costs and benefits of an action and then balancing the costs against the benefits.

Lawn Boy Reinforcing Activity



The Story of Money
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Besty Maestro, Giulio Maestro, illustrator, Clarion Books (1993)

This prolific team tackles the advent of legal tender and a mini-history of economics in their latest picture book. The concept of barter is introduced and then shown evolving into the modern practice of trading money for goods and services. Currency's physical development is also chronicled, from Native American wampum to Spanish "pieces of eight" to various European precious metal coins and printed paper bills.

Grade: 7
Theme: World Studies from 750 B.C. to 1600 A.D.: Ancient Greece to the First Global Age
Topic: Markets
Content Statement: 21. The growth of cities and empires fostered the growth of markets. Market exchanges encouraged specialization and the transition from barter to monetary economies.

The Story of Money Reinforcing Activity

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Eighth Grade:



Berenstain Bears' Dollars and Sense
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Stan and Jan Berenstain (2001). Random House Inc.

Brother and Sister Bear know some things about money. They know that money can be used to buy things like baseball cards, ice cream, candy, and balloons. What they don't know is how to manage their allowances. Then Mama comes up with a terrific idea to help them learn the value of money and how to save it -- a checkbook!

Grade: 8
Theme: U.S. Studies from 1492 to 1877: Exploration through Reconstruction
Topic: Financial Literacy
Content Statement: 25. The effective management of one’s personal finances includes using basic banking services (e.g., savings accounts and checking accounts) and credit.

The Berenstain Bears’ Dollars and Sense Reinforcing Activity

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